Hope in all climates
And now you focus on climate justice. My work has also revolved around racial justice and economic justice because race and economic injustice and climate are all mixed together. I have just finished a couple of chapters on “climate colonialism.” Colleagues in India taught me that term. It points to the fact that climate change is devastating people around the globe who are least responsible for greenhouse gas emissions, and they are disproportionately economically impoverished people, people of color, and living on the continents colonized in the colonial era.
What do theology and religion have to do with this? I believe the world’s great faith traditions have a great deal to offer in understanding and motivating action toward climate justice, racial justice and economic justice.
It’s interesting today how many secular voices are calling for religion to be involved in the climate crisis: voices from the U.N., voices from many nongovernmental organizations, voices from the literary world. Toward the end of a recent book about climate change, The Great Derangement, Amitav Ghosh, who is an Indian literary figure, says one of his greatest hopes is in religion.
Religion isn’t on Earth just to serve religious people. It’s on Earth to serve ways of living where the whole web of life can flourish and all people can have lives with justice and joy.
In your 2013 book Resisting Structural Evil, you introduce the idea of a sin of “uncreating.” For someone reading the Bible, what does it mean to “uncreate”? Christian and Jewish faith claims that God created a world that is “good.” The Hebrew tov, while translated as “good,” also implies “life-furthering.” So, the primal act of God – creation – is not merely to create a magnificent world, but a magnificently life-furthering world. This is a terrifying thought, that by fueling climate change, we are undoing that very “tov,” Earth’s life-generating capacity. This is the sin of uncreating.
Various religions deal with sin differently. The faith tradition I’m situated in, the Lutheran tradition, also says that God’s grace is infinite and that we are not ultimately condemned. But that that does not free us to go on with sin! It frees us to renounce and repent and turn a different direction.
So, one theological or biblical reading would be: We can’t really repent of the sin of uncreating without recognizing it. Therefore, it is tremendously important that we recognize what we are doing in climate change. Repentance doesn’t mean just saying, “I’m sorry.” Repentance means turning the other direction. The Holy Spirit empowers us for tremendous repentance. That would mean becoming generators of sustainable ways of life, regenerative ways of life, rather than climate-destructive ways of life.
Does that mean ending capitalism? I’d rather say that the economy of the future won’t be profit-maximizing. Advanced global capitalism aims at maximizing profit, growth, and consumption – sometimes at terrible cost. The economy of the future won’t be maximizing those things because the Earth can’t support it.
The economic system – we can change it. Humans will decide which way it goes. It can go toward increasing wealth concentration and ecological degradation, or we can change the economy to promote equity among human beings and the flourishing of Earth’s ecosystems.
Do you have practical guidance on this? I’m working on an edited series of books designed to help economically privileged North Americans who want to be building more equitable, ecological and democratic economies. I see that many, many people are realizing that finance-driven capitalism is not serving human well-being or the Earth’s well-being – but don’t know how to be involved in creating something different.
How are you involved, day to day? I, like everybody, am not living into the new economy as fully as I hunger to be doing. And I want to be clear that I do not see myself as an exemplar in any way. I am just making my efforts.
I guess my philosophy is that you have to work on the lifestyle level and the systemic level. I firmly believe that people’s lifestyle practices are crucial, but not adequate to achieve a more just and ecological economy. People need to be involved in efforts for systemic change. I believe that is integral to the life of faith, and leaders in many of Earth’s religious traditions are saying so, including Jewish, Christian, Muslim and Buddhist traditions.
Could you please list some things? On the lifestyle level, I have been practicing what I would call anti-consumerism, a low-consumption lifestyle, since I was about 14. That involves things like not buying new clothing or new accessories. I use hand-me-downs or the secondhand store. And we try to eat low on the food chain. We eat a lot of local fruits and vegetables, no red meat, and little poultry and fish. We try to use as little fossil-fuel based energy as possible, so we have one electric car and one hybrid, and definitely don’t turn on air conditioning in our home.
On a more systemic level, we try to have all of our savings in socially just and ecologically sustainable funds. And I remain on alerts for legislative action nationally and locally, and participate when I can in protest movements. I want to be more involved with 350.org and other climate justice groups but really struggle with finding the time.
You’re not convinced that’s enough, are you? In the face of climate change, one of the things I have been learning to do is to live in paradox. I live in the paradox of hope and despair held together, but letting hope win out. I live in the paradox of joy and sorrow held together – and the world’s beauty and brutality held together. Those are paradoxes which I’m trying to live with.
- Rev. Dr. Anthony Bateza at the 2023 Luther Lecture
Fri March 24, 2023
- More than 200 attend hybrid film screening for "The Ants and the Grasshopper"
Thu February 16, 2023
- Dr. Arvin Gouw 2023 Mohrenweiser Lecture
Thu February 16, 2023
PLTS was immensely fortunate to welcome Dr. Arvin Gouw for our 2023 Mohrenweiser Lecture. Dr. Gouw clearly described the mechanism and uses of CRISPR for a lay audience, and then dug deeper into the ethical and religious implications of this powerful gene-editing tool. Afterward, Dr. Ted Peters offered a response that pushed religious leaders, particularly pastors, to think through how the existence and increasing prominence of this technology might affect their congregants.
We encourage you to watch and share the below video of this lecture and continue the conversation.
- Dr. Larry Rasmussen - Founders' Day 2022 Lecture
Thu November 10, 2022
PLTS welcomed Dr. Larry Rasmussen to give the 2022 Founders' Day Lecture to our gathered community in-person and online. Watch Dr. Rasmussen's lecture below.
- Seminary starts programs for change agents
Wed March 2, 2022
California Lutheran University’s Pacific Lutheran Theological Seminary (PLTS) is offering new programs to prepare religious leaders and laypeople to work for social and environmental change with online options.
- Faculty retiring with emeritus status
Wed April 21, 2021
Seven California Lutheran University faculty members with a combined total of more than 160 years of service are retiring with emeritus status.
- Fall 2020 Update
Tue June 23, 2020
Given that health officials have indicated that the COVID-19 health crisis will be with us through the fall, we have decided to deliver the courses that had been scheduled face-to-face for the fall 2020 semester virtually.
- PLTS faculty statement regarding George Floyd, racism and white supremacy
Wed June 10, 2020
- Hope in all climates
Mon November 25, 2019
From Cal Lutheran's seminary in Berkeley, Cynthia Moe-Lobeda helps people in faith communities and secular society to be agents of justice.
- Faith tested
Thu February 21, 2019
When horrific events affect both congregants and additional outsiders, their need for advice and prayer is piled on top of the usual emotional and spiritual demands presented by requests to discuss life’s hardest aspects ranging from addictions and marital problems to grief counseling — creating a surefire recipe for pastor burnout.